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The Five Most Common Diseases Of The Elderly

2017-08-22 18:21:16

The Five Most Common Diseases Of The Elderly

 

1.Hypertension(High Blood Pressure)

High Blood Pressure is a common disease among middle-aged and elderly people and also a major disease that endangers human health.The pathogenesis of this disease is widely believed to be due to a variety of environmental factors involved in the abnormal regulation of normal blood pressure in a certain genetic background.Hypertension is an independent cardiovascular disease and can lead to lesions of peoples' three main organs: heart, brain and kidney, resulting in a coronary heart disease, heart failure, cerebral hemorrhage, cerebral infarction, severe complications such as renal failure, uremia, It's very harmful.


2.Chronic Bronchitis

Chronic Bronchitis is a common geriatrics, due to colds, smoking, the body is usually patients allergic to, climate change, air pollution and other reasons, the bronchi, and bronchioles caused by repeated infection and stimulation.Clinical manifestations are fever, chills, body aches, the symptom such as cough, cough up phlegm, wheezing, severe illness almost all year round, coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath, continue to develop with emphysema, cor pulmonale and even life-threatening.


3.Coronary Heart Disease

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is one of the most common cardiovascular disease in the elderly, mainly caused by coronary artery vascular lesions and lesions is rooted in patients with normal diet is unreasonable, lipid metabolic disturbance in the body, make the blood fat cholesterol deposition in the blood vessel walls, leading to coronary artery vascular sclerosis, blood clots, jams, its main clinical manifestations of myocardial ischemia, hypoxia and lead to angina, arrhythmia, serious myocardial infarction can occur, the myocardial necrosis large area, life-threatening.

4.Diabetes Mellitus
Diabete Mellitus is a disease of the endocrine metabolism system and is also a common senile disease.
The inducing factors are: less infection, obesity, physical activity, and environmental factors such as pregnancy, clinical polydipsia, polyuria, drinking, eating, fatigue, angular, diabetes, etc, and can be based on the hardening of the arteries and capillaries pathological changes to produce a variety of chronic complications, such as diabetic heart disease, diabetic limb gangrene, diabetic cerebrovascular disease, diabetic nephropathy, diabetic retinopathy, and neuropathy.


5.Alzheimer's Disease

Alzheimer's Disease is a kind of organic damage in the brain caused by brain dysfunction, can make the memory, understanding and judgment, and self-control ability in progressive degeneration and persistent intelligence damage.
Patients with low immune function, emotional depression, ischemic cerebrovascular disease or chronic hypertension, hyperlipidemia, heart disease and other history are susceptible to this disease.
The early onset of alzheimer's disease is usually a symptom of memory loss, forgetfulness and other symptoms. It is often mistaken for normal aging, which causes the patient to miss the best time for treatment.